Today in History – April 24

By: Chloe Cushing

Have you ever wondered what you were doing today, two years ago? Five? Ten? You probably don’t if Facebook hasn’t reminded you already. But I still find it fascinating to look upon a day and realize that – as history is so deep and vast, something significant that, for one reason or another, has lead us to where we are now, has happened.

And it may be a little late in the year to try a trend of articles, but I’m going to do it anyway. So buckle up, and prepare for a whole new line of thinking.

First, there’s Egypt.

Thousands of years ago, Egypt was the greatest place in the world. It’s empire spanned across Africa and into the Mediterranean. The Egyptians built the Great Pyramids of Giza, glorious temples for their animal-headed gods, and demonstrated their wealth with jewels, knowledge, and innovation. This was all controlled by the Pharaoh – a man embodied by the gods.

That was until Hatshepsut. hb_31.3.166_av3

The most famous of female pharaohs in Egyptian culture, Hatshepsut is also believed by historians to be one of the greatest pharaohs due to her long reign and economic ideas. Today, in 1479 B.C., her two year old step-son, Thutmose III, ascended to the throne upon his father’s death. As Thutmose II’s primary wife (pharaoh’s had a lot of them), Hatshepsut was given regency of the kingdom, but was not satisfied with the position. So she dressed up like a man and subsequently ruled one of the oldest countries known for twenty-two years until her death.

_71406331_trojan-horseEveryone knows the story of Troy – or has at least seen the movie with Orlando Bloom, Eric Bana, and Brad Pitt. It was an ancient city in modern day Turkey, thought to be impenetrable, destroyed when a prince stole a Greek king’s wife. Famously told in Homer’s the Iliad, in order to get inside, the Greeks packed themselves into a giant wood horse and then presented the horse to the Trojans as a gift. Once night fell, the Greeks emerged from the horse, ransacked the city, and killed a lot of people.

It is traditionally believed (as the Fall of Troy is considered a true event fictionally depicted in the Iliad) that today, in 1184 B.C., the Greeks cleverly invaded Troy using their Trojan Horse.

More specifically documented and dated, it was on April 24th, 1877 and 1898 that the Russo-Turkish and the Spanish-American wars began, respectively. The Russo-Turkish War, lasting only a year, involved the Ottoman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox Coalition (led by the Russian Empire), and was waged over due to territorial disputes and rising nationalism in the Balkans. The Spanish-American War went on for only three months, famously led by future president Theodore Roosevelt, and was charged when the USS Maine exploded in a Cuban harbor, inspiring American forces to get involved in the Cuban War of Independence.

(The Cubans were fighting the Spanish. We were fighting the Spanish. The Spanish controlled Cuba.)

Then, in 1916, the short-lived Easter Rising began in Ireland.

In 1552, Henry VIII of England declared himself king of second largest British Isle, thus making himself king of two kingdoms. Each had their own parliament, their owns laws and cultures, but 1800, England voted to join the two countries together, making it: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. This dissolved the Irish parliament, Irish laws and culture. As the Irish were considered less than the English at this time, under this new form of government, the Irish were treated as second-class citizens. This caused a wave of nationalism that has yet to break even today.

As the nineteenth century drew on, Irish opposition to British forms of government grew more radical. What originally began in parliament as the Irish Parliamentary Party and stricken-down bills became paramilitary groups and separatist organizations, like the Irish Republican Brotherhood. martial law

It was the IRB that extensively planned and organized the East Rebellion. Spanning only a week, the rising didn’t consist of more than street fights, sniping, and long-range gun battle. Four hundred and eighty-five people died, mostly civilians. Though seemingly a failure, the Rising caused an increase in support for Irish republicanism – the first step in what would become the War of Independence and the Republic of Ireland we know today.

There you have it – five events spanning space and time, and all of which happened today at one point. There are millions more, but one: I don’t know them all, nor can I write about them all; and two: you wrote read them all.

If you want to know more about what’s happened today in history, check out this website below –

http://www.onthisday.com/


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